Los Angeles ist die größte Stadt in Kalifornien und tatsächlich auch, nach New York City, die zweitgrößte Stadt (nach Stadtgebiet) in den Vereinigten Staaten. City of Angels, City of Flowers and Sunshine, La La Land, Southland oder The Big Orange – Los Angeles in Kalifornien hat viele Namen und noch weit mehr. Santa Monica - kilometerlange Sandstrände, äußerst beliebt aufgrund der zentralen Lage hin zu Hollywood, Beverly Hills, Los Angeles International Airport, u.s.w.
Los Angeles – Das urbane Wunder-DingGegründet wurde Los Angeles im Jahr von Spaniern. Der Name lautete: „El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río de Porciúncula“. Das. City of Angels, City of Flowers and Sunshine, La La Land, Southland oder The Big Orange – Los Angeles in Kalifornien hat viele Namen und noch weit mehr. Die Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana Metropolitan Statistical Area hat eine Einwohnerzahl von Mio. Einwohnern bei einer Fläche von km² (das.
Los Angeles Steckbrief Navigationsmenü VideoLos Angeles - City Video Guide Die Stadtverordnetenversammlung verabschiedet Gesetze, legt die Grundsteuer fest und teilt den einzelnen Ressorts der Stadtverwaltung ihre finanziellen Mittel zu. Blobs ist der nur schwach entwickelte öffentliche Verkehr. Von links oben nach rechts unten: Downtown Los AngelesVeniceGriffith ObservatoryHollywood Sign. Most days are sunny and warm, with gentle ocean breezes in the summer.
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Gegründet wurde Los Angeles im Jahr von Spaniern. Gemeint ist mit dieser Frau die Gottesmutter Maria. Man nennt heute die Stadt noch die Stadt der Engel.
Bis zum Jahr gehörte Los Angeles zu Mexiko , dann kam es zu den USA. Heute leben viele Einwanderer aus Mexiko und anderen spanischsprachigen Ländern dort.
Andere Bewohner stammen aus Asien oder anderen Teilen der Welt. In Los Angeles gibt es viele Sehenswürdigkeiten.
Das erste Kino der USA eröffnete in Los Angeles. Ein bekannter Stadtteil von Los Angeles ist Hollywood , wo viele Filme gedreht werden.
Population density around the metropolitan area varies greatly—as low as one person per square mile in mountainous areas and as high as 50, per square mile near downtown Los Angeles.
Area city, square miles 1, square km ; county, 4, square miles 10, square km. Los Angeles, the heart of southern California, became a world-class city very recently.
Yet it overcame natural deficiencies and established itself as an important centre of commerce, agriculture, tourism, and industry.
For more than a century it has been indelibly associated with a benign climate, extensive leisure, and outdoor recreation, as well as the special aura of celebrity associated with Hollywood.
The lifestyle of Los Angeles residents who are called Angelenos relies on the automobile, idealizes the single-family dwelling, and favours informality.
In , Hollywood merged into Los Angeles, with 10 movie companies already operating in the city at the time. By , more than 80 percent of the world's film industry was concentrated in LA.
During World War II , Los Angeles was a major center of wartime manufacturing, such as shipbuilding and aircraft. Calship built hundreds of Liberty Ships and Victory Ships on Terminal Island, and the Los Angeles area was the headquarters of six of the country's major aircraft manufacturers Douglas Aircraft Company , Hughes Aircraft , Lockheed , North American Aviation , Northrop Corporation , and Vultee.
During the war, more aircraft were produced in one year than in all the pre-war years since the Wright brothers flew the first airplane in , combined.
Manufacturing in Los Angeles skyrocketed, and as William S. Knudsen , of the National Defense Advisory Commission put it, "We won because we smothered the enemy in an avalanche of production, the like of which he had never seen, nor dreamed possible.
In the s—s, Los Angeles county was the national leader in agriculture. Following the end of World War II , Los Angeles grew more rapidly than ever, sprawling into the San Fernando Valley.
Previous to the s, Los Angeles' name had multiple pronunciations, but the soft "G" pronunciation is universal today. Racial tensions led to the Watts riots in , resulting in 34 deaths and over 1, injuries.
In , California became the birthplace of the Internet , as the first ARPANET transmission was sent from the University of California, Los Angeles UCLA to the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park.
In , Tom Bradley was elected as the city's first African American mayor, serving for five terms until retiring in Other events in the city during the s included the Symbionese Liberation Army 's South Central standoff in and the Hillside Stranglers murder cases in — In , the city hosted the Summer Olympic Games for the second time.
Despite being boycotted by 14 Communist countries , the Olympics became more financially successful than any previous,  and the second Olympics to turn a profit until then—the other, according to an analysis of contemporary newspaper reports, being the Summer Olympics, also held in Los Angeles.
Racial tensions erupted on April 29, , with the acquittal by a Simi Valley jury of four Los Angeles Police Department LAPD officers captured on videotape beating Rodney King , culminating in large-scale riots.
In , the 6. In , Mayor James Hahn led the campaign against secession, resulting in voters defeating efforts by the San Fernando Valley and Hollywood to secede from the city.
Los Angeles will host the Summer Olympics and Paralympic Games , making Los Angeles the third city to host the Olympics three times.
The city of Los Angeles covers a total area of Los Angeles is both flat and hilly. The eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains stretches from Downtown to the Pacific Ocean and separates the Los Angeles Basin from the San Fernando Valley.
Other hilly parts of Los Angeles include the Mt. Washington area north of Downtown, eastern parts such as Boyle Heights , the Crenshaw district around the Baldwin Hills , and the San Pedro district.
Surrounding the city are much higher mountains. Immediately to the north lie the San Gabriel Mountains , which is a popular recreation area for Angelenos.
The Los Angeles River , which is largely seasonal, is the primary drainage channel. The smaller Ballona Creek flows into the Santa Monica Bay at Playa del Rey.
Los Angeles is rich in native plant species partly because of its diversity of habitats, including beaches, wetlands , and mountains.
The most prevalent plant communities are coastal sage scrub , chaparral shrubland, and riparian woodland. Many of these native species, such as the Los Angeles sunflower , have become so rare as to be considered endangered.
Although it is not native to the area, the official tree of Los Angeles is the Coral Tree Erythrina caffra  and the official flower of Los Angeles is the Bird of Paradise Strelitzia reginae.
Los Angeles is subject to earthquakes because of its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire. The geologic instability has produced numerous faults , which cause approximately 10, earthquakes annually in Southern California, though most of them are too small to be felt.
The segment of the fault passing through Southern California experiences a major earthquake roughly every to years, and seismologists have warned about the next "big one", as the last major earthquake was the Fort Tejon earthquake.
All but a few are of low intensity and are not felt. The USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast , which models earthquake occurrence in California.
Parts of the city are also vulnerable to tsunamis ; harbor areas were damaged by waves from Aleutian Islands earthquake in , Valdivia earthquake in , Alaska earthquake in , Chile earthquake in and Japan earthquake in The city is divided into many different districts and neighborhoods,   some of which were incorporated cities that merged with Los Angeles.
The city's street patterns generally follow a grid plan , with uniform block lengths and occasional roads that cut across blocks. However, this is complicated by rugged terrain, which has necessitated having different grids for each of the valleys that Los Angeles covers.
Drivers in Los Angeles suffer from one of the worst rush hour periods in the world, according to an annual traffic index by navigation system maker, TomTom.
LA drivers spend an additional 92 hours in traffic each year. Los Angeles is often characterized by the presence of low-rise buildings.
Outside of a few centers such as Downtown , Warner Center , Century City , Koreatown , Miracle Mile , Hollywood , and Westwood , skyscrapers and high-rise buildings are not common.
The few skyscrapers built outside of those areas often stand out above the rest of the surrounding landscape. Most construction is done in separate units, rather than wall-to-wall.
That being said, Downtown Los Angeles itself has many buildings over 30 stories, with fourteen over 50 stories, and two over 70 stories, the tallest of which is the Wilshire Grand Center.
Also, Los Angeles is increasingly becoming a city of apartments rather than single family dwellings, especially in the dense inner city and Westside neighborhoods.
Important landmarks in Los Angeles include the Hollywood Sign , Walt Disney Concert Hall , Capitol Records Building , the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels , Angels Flight , Grauman's Chinese Theatre , Dolby Theatre , Griffith Observatory , Getty Center , Getty Villa , Stahl House , the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum , L.
Live , the Los Angeles County Museum of Art , the Venice Canal Historic District and boardwalk, Theme Building , Bradbury Building , U. Los Angeles has a Mediterranean climate Köppen Csb on the coast and most of downtown, Csa near the metropolitan region to the west , and receives just enough annual precipitation to avoid semi-arid climate BSh , .
Daytime temperatures are generally temperate all year round. The Los Angeles area is also subject to phenomena typical of a microclimate , causing extreme variations in temperature in close physical proximity to each other.
This involves overcast or foggy skies in the morning that yield to sun by early afternoon. Downtown Los Angeles averages Rainfall is usually higher in the hills and coastal slopes of the mountains because of orographic uplift.
Summer days are usually rainless. Rarely, an incursion of moist air from the south or east can bring brief thunderstorms in late summer, especially to the mountains.
The coast gets slightly less rainfall, while the inland and mountain areas get considerably more. Years of average rainfall are rare.
A series of rainy days can bring floods to the lowlands and mudslides to the hills, especially after wildfires have denuded the slopes.
The greatest snowfall recorded in downtown Los Angeles was 2. The Los Angeles Basin and the San Fernando Valley are susceptible to atmospheric inversion , which holds in the exhausts from road vehicles, airplanes, locomotives, shipping, manufacturing, and other sources.
The smog season lasts from approximately May to October. Issues of air quality in Los Angeles and other major cities led to the passage of early national environmental legislation, including the Clean Air Act.
When the act was passed, California was unable to create a State Implementation Plan that would enable it to meet the new air quality standards, largely because of the level of pollution in Los Angeles generated by older vehicles.
Smog is expected to continue to drop in the coming years because of aggressive steps to reduce it, which include electric and hybrid cars, improvements in mass transit , and other measures.
The number of Stage 1 smog alerts in Los Angeles has declined from over per year in the s to almost zero in the new millennium. Los Angeles is also home to the nation's largest urban oil field.
There are more than active oil wells within 1, feet of homes, churches, schools and hospitals in the city, a situation about which the EPA has voiced serious concerns.
The United States Census  reported Los Angeles had a population of 3,, The age distribution was , people For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were There were 1,, housing units—up from 1,, during —  —at an average density of 2, The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.
According to the Census, the racial makeup of Los Angeles included: 1,, Whites Los Angeles is home to people from more than countries speaking different identified languages.
Non-Hispanic whites were Mexican ancestry make up the largest ethnic group of Hispanics at The Hispanic population has a long established Mexican-American and Central American community and is spread well-nigh throughout the entire city of Los Angeles and its metropolitan area.
It is most heavily concentrated in regions around Downtown as East Los Angeles , Northeast Los Angeles and Westlake.
Furthermore, a vast majority of residents in neighborhoods in eastern South Los Angeles towards Downey are of Hispanic origin. The largest Asian ethnic groups are Filipinos 3.
Chinese people, which make up 1. Chinatown and Thaitown are also home to many Thais and Cambodians , which make up 0.
The Japanese comprise 0. Vietnamese make up 0. Indians make up 0. The Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to a large population of Armenians , Assyrians , and Iranians , many of whom live in enclaves like Little Armenia and Tehrangeles.
African Americans have been the predominant ethnic group in South Los Angeles , which has emerged as the largest African American community in the western United States since the s.
The neighborhoods of South Los Angeles with highest concentration of African Americans include Crenshaw , Baldwin Hills , Leimert Park , Hyde Park , Gramercy Park , Manchester Square and Watts.
With , Jews in the metropolitan area, the region has the second-largest population of Jews in the United States. Major Orthodox Jewish neighborhoods include Hancock Park , Pico-Robertson , and Valley Village , while Jewish Israelis are well represented in the Encino and Tarzana neighborhoods, and Persian Jews in Beverly Hills.
Many varieties of Judaism are represented in the greater Los Angeles area, including Reform , Conservative , Orthodox , and Reconstructionist.
The Breed Street Shul in East Los Angeles , built in , was the largest synagogue west of Chicago in its early decades; it is no longer in daily use as a synagogue and is being converted to a museum and community center.
The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel was founded in Los Angeles by Aimee Semple McPherson in and remains headquartered there to this day.
For many years, the church convened at Angelus Temple , which, when built, was one of the largest churches in the country.
Los Angeles has had a rich and influential Protestant tradition. The first Protestant service in Los Angeles was a Methodist meeting held in a private home in and the oldest Protestant church still operating, First Congregational Church , was founded in The Los Angeles California Temple , the second-largest temple operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , is on Santa Monica Boulevard in the Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles.
Dedicated in , it was the first temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints built in California and it was the largest in the world when completed.
The Hollywood region of Los Angeles also has several significant headquarters, churches, and the Celebrity Center of Scientology.
Immigrants from Asia for example, have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations making the city home to the greatest variety of Buddhists in the world.
The first Buddhist joss house was founded in the city in Unchurched Belt. The economy of Los Angeles is driven by international trade, entertainment television, motion pictures, video games, music recording, and production , aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism.
In the Global Financial Centres Index , Los Angeles was ranked as having the 19th most competitive financial center in the world, and sixth most competitive in United States after New York City , San Francisco , Chicago , Boston , and Washington, D.
One of the five major film studios , Paramount Pictures , is within the city limits,  its location being part of the so-called " Thirty-Mile Zone " of entertainment headquarters in Southern California.
Los Angeles is the largest manufacturing center in the United States. The Department of Cannabis Regulation enforces cannabis legislation after the legalization of the sale and distribution of cannabis in Los Angeles is often billed as the "Creative Capital of the World", because one in every six of its residents works in a creative industry  and there are more artists, writers, filmmakers, actors, dancers and musicians living and working in Los Angeles than any other city at any other time in history.
The city's Hollywood neighborhood has become recognized as the center of the motion picture industry and the Los Angeles area is also associated as being the center of the television industry.
The city is home to the major film studios as well as major record labels. Los Angeles plays host to the annual Academy Awards , the Primetime Emmy Awards , the Grammy Awards as well as many other entertainment industry awards shows.
Los Angeles is the site of the USC School of Cinematic Arts , the oldest film school in the United States. The performing arts play a major role in Los Angeles's cultural identity.
According to the USC Stevens Institute for Innovation, "there are more than 1, annual theatrical productions and 21 openings every week. Notable organizations such as Center Theatre Group , the Los Angeles Master Chorale , and the Los Angeles Opera are also resident companies of the Music Center.
Talent is locally cultivated at premier institutions such as the Colburn School and the USC Thornton School of Music. There are museums and art galleries in Los Angeles County ,  more museums per capita than any other city in the U.
Paul Getty Trust , the world's wealthiest art institution  , the Petersen Automotive Museum , the Huntington Library , the Natural History Museum , the Battleship Iowa , and the Museum of Contemporary Art.
A significant number of art galleries are on Gallery Row , and tens of thousands attend the monthly Downtown Art Walk there.
The city of Los Angeles and its metropolitan area are the home of eleven top level professional sports teams, several of which play in neighboring communities but use Los Angeles in their name.
These teams include the Los Angeles Dodgers and Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball MLB , the Los Angeles Rams and Los Angeles Chargers of the National Football League NFL , the Los Angeles Lakers and Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association NBA , the Los Angeles Kings and Anaheim Ducks of the National Hockey League NHL , the Los Angeles Galaxy and Los Angeles Football Club of Major League Soccer MLS , and the Los Angeles Sparks of the Women's National Basketball Association WNBA.
Other notable sports teams include the UCLA Bruins and the USC Trojans in the National Collegiate Athletic Association NCAA , both of which are Division I teams in the Pac Conference.
Los Angeles is the second-largest city in the United States but hosted no NFL team between and At one time, the Los Angeles area hosted two NFL teams: the Rams and the Raiders.
Both left the city in , with the Rams moving to St. It has a population around four Million. Worst Traffic Congestion. Is San Francisco Coming Closer?
Los Angeles and San Francisco are getting 2. Source: wow-really. Hollywood: A Municipality! Los Angeles is home to the prominent US film industry.
In Hollywood was a small community and was incorporated as a municipality in It was consolidated with the city of Los Angeles in , and soon after a prominent film industry emerged, eventually becoming the most recognizable film industry in the world.
Source: Wikipedia. Car Free L. Source: discoverlosangeles. Most Populated County. With more than 10 million inhabitants as in , Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States.
Economic Engine. With a diverse economy in a broad range of cultural and professional fields, Los Angeles is one of the most prominent economic engines within the United States.